What is Trap-Neuter-Return?
Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) is a humane, simple three-step method to manage the number of feral cats immediately and reduce their numbers naturally in the long term.
Step 1 – Trap: Feral cats are trapped using humane cage traps.
Step 2 – Neuter: Cats are spayed/neutered, vaccinated, and ear-tipped.
Step 3 – Return: Fixed cats are then released to the site of capture.
Over the long-term, TNR is much more effective and humane than traditional trap-and-kill. Trap-and-kill often results in the “vacuum effect” — new cats move into the emptied area and breed. Sterilized feral cats that are returned to their site of capture do not breed and keep fertile outsiders away. The population in a managed colony is reduced over time as kittens are removed to adoptive homes, seriously ill or injured cats are euthanized, and others die due to natural causes. Any new cats that arrive in a managed colony are identified and sterilized before they breed.